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k

k'beitza -- a Hebrew measure for solids (approx. 30 grams - 2 fluid ounces)

Kabbalah -- lit.: received; Jewish mysticism, based primarily on the second century “Zohar,” and on the teachings of the Arizal (16th century, Tzfat). Also refers to someone “accepting” upon himself a spiritual commitment.

kabbalat mitzvot (kabbalas mitzvos) -- acceptance of the Torah commandments as binding; a key component of conversion to Judaism

Kabbalat Shabbat (Kabbolas Shabbos) -- service welcoming the Sabbath

Kaddish -- prayer proclaiming God’s greatness, that separates parts of the prayer service; Mourner’s Kaddish is recited at the end of the service

kadosh -- holy

kal v'chomer -- a halachic inference from a lenient case to a strict case -- i.e. “all the more so”

kalei ha-bishul -- easily-cooked foods

kallah -- bride

karmelit (karmelis) -- a public domain in which less than 600,000 people travel daily. Carrying on Shabbat in these areas and transferring items from private domains into these public ones is prohibited by the rabbis, unless an eruv has been established from before Shabbat

kashrut (kashrus) -- lit.: prepared; term given to food that is permitted for a Jew to eat

kavanah -- intention; concentration during prayer or while performing a mitzvah

kavod -- honor

kavod ha'briyot (ha'briyos) -- the honor of a person

kavod ha'tzibur -- the honor of the community

kedusha -- sanctity, holiness; “Kedusha” is also a congregational prayer describing the angels’ praise of God

kesher -- a knot

ketubah (kesubah) -- the marriage contract

Ketuvim (Kesuvim) -- lit.: Writings; final section of the Jewish Bible containing various scriptures

kever -- a grave

keviyat seudah (keviyas) -- When cake (or any Pat Haba B'Kisnin) is eaten in a quantity that you would normally eat bread as a meal, it requires Netilat Yadayim, Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

kezayit (kezayis) -- a Hebrew measure for solids (approx. 15 grams - 1 fluid ounce)

kiday achilat pras (achilas) -- lit.: the time it takes to eat a portion (3-4 minutes)

kiday seudah -- lit.: the amount of a meal; amount of bread normally eaten in a meal

kiday shetiyat revi'it (shetiyas revi'is) -- lit.: the time it takes to drink a revi'it (approx. 98cc - 3.3 oz); generally defined as 2 gulps with a short pause

Kiddush -- lit.: sanctify; commonly refers to the blessing over wine said at Shabbat and holiday meals; also used to describe the refreshments served after Shabbat morning services

kiddush hachodesh -- decision from the Sanhedrin (Jewish Supreme Court) to accept testimony from witnesses who observed the first sighting of the new moon, thereby determining when the new month should begin

kiddush Hashem -- sanctification of God’s name; refers to any public act that casts a positive light on Torah and the Jewish people

kiddushin -- marriage betrothal

kippah -- traditional head covering worn by Jewish men; also called a yarmulke

Kislev -- month in the Jewish (lunar) calendar, coinciding with November and December; the eight-day celebration of Chanukah begins on the 25th day of this month

kitniyot (kitniyos) -- foods such as rice, corn, beans and seeds, not eaten by Ashkenazi Jews during Passover; Sefardi Jews do not have the custom to prohibit kitniyot

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch -- popular book of Jewish law, authored by Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried (1804-1886)

klal Yisrael -- the Jewish community as a whole

kli rishon -- a first vessel

kli she'melachto li'issur -- an item which is used for doing jobs that are forbidden on Shabbat; examples: pen, hammer, scissors, grater

kli sheini -- a second vessel

kli shelishi -- a third vessel

Kodshim -- Lit.: “holy things”; fifth section of the Mishnah, concerning laws of the Temple

kohanim (sing.: Kohen) -- descendents of Aaron who served in the Holy temple; today, a kohen gets the first aliyah in shul, and has certain restrictions regarding marriage, visiting a cemetery, etc.

kohen (pl.: kohanim) -- descendent of Aaron (Moses's brother, and the first kohen), today, a kohen gets the first aliyah in shul, and has certain restrictions regarding marriage, visiting a cemetery, etc.

kol hakavod -- lit.: all honor; used idiomatically to express praise or congratulations for an achievement

kol isha -- lit.: the voice of a woman; prohibition against Jewish men hearing a female singing

kol tuv -- lit.: everything good; like wishing someone “all the best”

kollel -- Torah study groups for married men

koraya -- tearing; one of the 39 primary categories of forbidden Shabbat activity

korban -- animal offering brought to the Holy Temple

koshair -- knot-tying; one of the 39 primary categories of forbidden Shabbat activity

kosher -- lit.: legally proper; refers to food permitted under Jewish dietary laws; colloquially refers to anything that is within the boundaries of (moral) law

Kotel (Kosel) -- The Western Wall in Jerusalem, part of the retaining wall of the Temple Mount

kotzer -- lit.: “harvesting”; the forbidden Shabbat activity of taking a growing thing from its natural source

kriyah -- the act of tearing one's garment upon hearing of a relative's death; also done upon seeing the Temple Mount in Jerusalem

kulah -- halachic leniency

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